Computational brain

Neuroscience meets AI

Thoughts on how research in Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence can come together to understand principles of computation in all neural systems

The research in neuroscience, cognitive science and artificial intelligence (AI) has been intertwined for many decades. While we are going through waves of ideas across these fields being more or less aligned, researchers across these fields certainly have had large influences on each other’s thinking in the past – and will continue to profit from each other’s works in the future. The most recent outcome of these interactions in the emergence of a new subdiscipline: NeuroAI

NeuroAI promises to finally create a more permanent link between neuroscience and AI. While this field is still in the process of defining itself, I believe that it will be in a unique position to study the principles of computation / information processing underlying the functioning of both biological and artificial networks. By finding links between methods and data from both neuroscience and computer science, the field should try to uncover basic principles underlying intelligence in brains and machines.

On this page I want to create an informal collection of ideas and resources in NeuroAI, to give researchers and the public the opportunity to explore and follow recent debates.

Current topics in NeuroAI

While this new subdiscipline is forming, many senior researchers are contributing to review and opinion pieces to give input on what we shoud strive for. One very recent overview piece highlighting the potential link between fields is "Toward Next-Generation Artificial Intelligence: Catalyzing the NeuroAI Revolution" ( For highlighting potential benefits on the AI / ML side, I find "Deep learning needs a prefrontal cortex" a good overview ( For highlighting the impact on neuroscience, "The neuroconnectionist research programme" ( is a great place to start. In addition, Patrick Mineault is writing on NeuroAI In his blog:  

How to get involed in NeuroAI: Join the open-source research group

Research groups working on NeuroAI with a full mix of ML/AI and Neuroscience are still sparsely distributed across the globe. To make it easier for new researchers to first start with NeuroAI or to find new collaborators, OpenBioML ( is expanding their open-source BioML research lab with a NeuroAI track. If you want contribute, join the Discord ( There you will find a NeuroAI channel with ongoing discussions on projects. I have been collaborating with them to identify relevant research directions and we would love you to join the research community if you want to be part of our discussions or even help with work on upcoming projects.

You can find the open-source guidelines of OpenBioML here: